The new study from British and United States e-cig researchers has found that the toxic chemical exposure for vapers is the same as nonsmokers.

The study, carried out by scientists from University College London, King’s College in London, the Roswell Park Cancer Institute in New York and the U.S Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, was published in the Annals of Internal Medicine last month.

Despite some contrary claims, the study found that vapers avoid thousands of the toxins that are in cigarette smoke. The carcinogens and toxins examined were a group of volatile organic compounds (VOCs), including acrolein, acrylamide, acrylonitrile, butadiene and a combination of ethylene oxide, acrylonitrile and vinyl chloride.

The findings were reaffirming for vapers, but potentially detrimental to regulators. The study’s lead author, Lion Shahab, found that vapers’ exposure to acrylamide was just 43% of smokers’ exposure, whereas a nonsmokers’ exposure was 42%.

This shows that the e-cigarette toxic chemical exposure of acrylamide among vapers and nonsmokers are very similar.

A recent study found that vaping substantially improves the health of quitting smokers and that vaping is far safer and less toxic than smoking.