On Thursday the 23rd of June, the UK elected to leave the European Union, with the Leave campaign narrowly defeated Remain by 51.9% to 48.1%. Even though this was just a study, there are around 2.6 million vapers in the UK, meaning a significant amount were likely backing the Leave campaign. The TPD was infamous and universally hated within the vaping community, but all of that is now up in the air. Nobody really knows what’s going on. Politicians from all over the spectrum are far too occupied to discuss e-cigs at the moment. Labour is at war and the Conservatives are looking for a new leader. Research has shown that out of 1000 vapers, 89% of them said the EU’s Tobacco Products Directive influenced their vote and, as a result, vapers were 18% more likely to vote leave. So, right now, legislation on e-cigs is unclear. As the UK goes through the laborious and monotonous task of calculating its divorce package from the EU, it’s likely the legislature will work out if it still wants to impose the TPD or something similar. Clive Bates, a former member of Action on Smoking and Health, said before the referendum that he didn’t expect too much change if the UK voted out. “If we leave the EU, any realistic Brexit scenario will involve complying with EU single market regulation, such as the Tobacco Products Directive, so we can retain unfettered access to the EU single market.” The EU has previously attempted to interfere and restrict e-cigs. In March, it was revealed that the EU wanted to see e-cigarettes taxed like tobacco, which could have lead to a £23 e-cig product rocketing to £53. The TPD would have introduced smaller refill containers, capping e-liquid nicotine content at 20mg, greater scrutiny from legislators and opened up the prospect of a total ban.