Vaping works by using a special solution that is known as an e-liquid. Essentially, this liquid is turned into a vapor that is then inhaled, helping to create the same experience as smoking.
However, e-liquid is made of two main components known as the atomizing base and the flavouring. For those who are trying to quit smoking, they can also find solutions that contain nicotine. So, the simple fluid is added to the tank of the vaping device in order to create a specific vapour that meets the needs of the user.
E-liquid works on the same principle as water, which turns to steam when it is heated. Therefore, when an e-liquid is added to a vaping device, it is heated to a temperature between 90°C and 200°C, turning it from a liquid to a vapour.
E-liquids are now heavily regulated to ensure that they are safe. So, e-liquids contain several ingredients that enable the user to get their desired hit.
The first ingredient is Propylene Glycol (PG). This is the most popular e-liquid base compound and it is the ingredient that delivers the flavour and the throat hit to the user.
Vegetable Glycerin is the next ingredient and this creates the vapour. It is thicker than PG and that means that it can be increased to create larger clouds of vapour.
Finally, the last two ingredients added are the flavourings and the nicotine should you choose an e-liquid that contains nicotine.
The e-liquid is commonly made up around 80-90% of the diluent base which could be VG or PG. If there is more PG, then it means that the user will experience a throat hit that is stronger and more intense as well as an enhanced flavour. As VG is a thicker substance, it is commonly mixed with PH to create thicker, larger vapour clouds.
So, should you see an e-liquid that is labelled as 100% PG, then it contains PG only. However, if you see PG 80 and VG 20 then that means that it is made up of 80% PG and 20% VG. This is known as an e-liquid blend.
The ratios can change but in general, an e-liquid that has a higher ratio of PG will deliver a better throat hit and a strong flavour. If an e-liquid has a higher level of VG then that will provide a smoother vaping experience and larger clouds. This something that more experienced vapers will use as they will use high-powered devices.
E-liquids come in a huge array of flavours. This means that users can find something that tastes great each time they vape. If they are trying to move away from smoking and want to avoid the taste of cigarette smoke, then choosing the right flavour as well as an e-liquid with nicotine can help them to get their hit of nicotine without the bad taste.
There are hundreds, if not thousands of flavours available. There are those that can mimic the taste of tobacco while there are fruity flavours, dessert flavours, chocolate flavours and even drink flavours. The list is endless but it ensures that users have the chance of finding something that suits their needs.
Nicotine is also another component of some e-liquids. Those liquids that have nicotine included will often be aimed at those who want to replicate smoking and those who want to quit smoking while removing the habit of using cigarettes.
E-liquids that do contain nicotine will be found in different strengths. Those that are considered low will often contain around 6-10 milligrams of nicotine per millilitre of liquid. Medium strength liquids will have around 10-14 mg/ml of nicotine which is the equivalent to light cigarettes. If users want something that is similar to that of regular tobacco then they will need an e-liquid that contains 16-18mg/ml of nicotine. There are extra high strength e-liquids available and these can be compared to unfiltered cigarettes as they can contain anything between 24 and 36 mg/ml of nicotine.
It is also possible for users to create their own blend of e-liquids. Customising e-liquids is popular with those who have experience of vaping and understand what is required to make the correct blend. Choosing the desired PG and VG as well as flavour, it is simple before vaping.